La Guajira Peninsula is a desert environment along the coast of northern Colombia. It is the northernmost point in South America, and where the largest open pit coal mine in the continent has been operating for a little over three decades. Though this region’s ecosystem has always been catalogued as a desert, historically, it has been a healthy, fruitful one, capable of providing for the semi-nomadic Wayuu—the largest indigenous group in Colombia, whose population extends to neighboring Venezuela—for hundreds of years.